Extracting alumina from bauxite involves the production of fine-grained waste known as red mud. The highly alkaline red mud is usually neutralised by applying sea water, thickened to between 25% and 30% solids by mass, before disposal to a Tailing Storage Facility (TSF). Hydraulic sorting, settling, self-weight consolidation, and desiccation are the processes contributing to the overall volume change of the red mud after deposition. Investigating the effect of these processes on the volume change behaviour of the fine-grained red mud is an important step in the estimation of the required storage volume of the storage facilities. This paper presents the results of a series of laboratory consolidation tests in a slurry consolidometer, and comparisons are made with field testing and observations.
Shokouhi, A, Naderian, A and Williams, D J, 2018. Assessing the volume change behaviour of red mud through laboratory and field testing, in Proceedings Mine Waste and Tailings Stewardship Conference 2018, pp 309–316 (The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: Melbourne).