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Dilution, Ore Grade and Blast Movement Calculation Model


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Author J F D Domingo, F S Leite, V G Mirada and I C Carrasco


This paper investigates ore loss and dilution produced by rock movement in bench blasting. A total of four blasts, in which electronic detonators have been used, were monitored in Cobre Las Cruces Open Pit Mine (FQM Ltd) in Gerena (Sevilla, Spain). Rock motion has been obtained in 137 points of the free face and 6 points inside the block. Multiple liner regression has been applied to predict rock motion and estimate ore dilution as a function of hole coordinates, rock contacts, powder factor/hole, amount of explosive per blasthole, burden, spacing, hole length, stemming length, explosive energy, hole row, subdrilling, blast sequence, stiffness ratio, blasthole distance to free face, rock density and Young’s modulus. The model is statistically significant with a determination coefficient over 0.8. Rock motion measurements in 31 more points have been used to validate the model and to show a reduction in ore dilution.


Domingo, J F D, Leite, F S, Mirada, V G and Carrasco, I C, 2015. Dilution, ore grade and blast movement calculation model, in Proceedings 11th International Symposium on Rock Fragmentation by Blasting, pp 71–78 (The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: Melbourne).