In order to improve the cutting blasting effect of dimension stone mining, the water coupling directional cutting blasting technology was put forward. Based on the test apparatus and special charge configuration, the mechanism of directional cutting blasting was analysed. Directional device changes the initial equilibrium of the total energy of shock wave effect on blasthole wall. The initial directional crack first appears in the blasthole wall that makes contact with the directional device. Then, two cracks are connected along the direction of the blasthole centre line under the action of detonation pressure and water wedge. The plexiglass tests showed that water coupling directional cutting blasting technology produced cracks along with the predetermined direction completely. The cutting surface was smooth and only a few short cracks appeared around the blastholes. It proved the validity of this technology.
Liu, W Z, Zhang, X L, Yang, H T and Shi, Q Q, 2015. Directional blasting rock cutting technology, in Proceedings 11th International Symposium on Rock Fragmentation by Blasting, pp 815–818 (The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: Melbourne).