The Kanowna Belle gold mine is located in the Eastern Goldfields of Western Australia, approximately 18 km north-east of Kalgoorlie. The processing plant is designed to process 2 Mt/y and has the capability to treat both refractory and free milling ore from the Kanowna Belle and Kundana mining operations.
The Kanowna Belle ore is refractory with the gold mineralisation occurring mostly as fine-grained inclusions in pyrite or as very fine-grained gold located in pyritic arsenic rich growth zones. The Kanowna Belle refractory process includes flotation, roasting of the flotation concentrate, and calcine leaching to extract the gold from the ore.
Mineralogical analysis of feed and tailings streams from the flotation circuit have shown that the gold bearing minerals are well liberated and confirmed they are mainly associated with pyrite. Nearly 40% of the flotation circuit losses are in the -38 µm size fraction. To improve the flotation circuit recovery, the fine particle gold recovery was targeted. A Cavitation Tube column was selected for the site-based pilot test work program. This paper presents data generated from the on-site test work, and the benefits of the Cavitation Tube column to improve fine particle flotation.
Nugraha, A, Tatetdagat, K and Thanasekaran, H, 2018. Flotation circuit efficiency improvement at Northern Star Resources Limited’s Kanowna Belle gold mine, in Proceedings 14th AusIMM Mill Operators' Conference 2018, pp 403–412 (The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: Melbourne).