Recently, the quality of sinter feed ore used in sintering process has deteriorated. In particular, Fe has decreased and gangue component has increased in the sinter feed ore. Increase of gangue is not only the factor to influence sinter qualities, but also the factor to increase coke ratio in the blast furnace operation as the increase of slag ratio. Therefore, to cope with the deterioration of iron ore qualities, studies on alternative iron ore resources and development of its utilisation technology have been required.
In that kind of new iron ore resources, authors focus on high-grade magnetite fine. High-grade magnetite fine decreases sinter productivity by the decrease of permeability of sintering bed. Therefore a new study for using large amount of magnetite fine is required. In the past, there are some studies about the effect of mixing ratio and size of magnetite fine on productivity and quality, but there are few studies about magnetite fine segregation in charging.
In this research, the melting behaviour and interfacial reaction calcium-ferrite, which has important role as bonding agent among iron ores, melts into hematite substrate and magnetite substrate was studied. As the results, it was defined that upper segregation of high-grade magnetite fine is suitable for productivity of sintered ore. Based on this knowledge, the control method of high-grade magnetite fine segregation by magnetic force at charging was studied with DEM (discrete element method) and its verification experiments for magnetic segregation control was conducted in the laboratory.
Iwami, Y, Yamamoto, T, Oyama, N, Matsuno, H, Saito, N and Nakajima, K, 2017. Improvement of sinter productivity by control of magnetite ore segregation in sintering bed, in Proceedings Iron Ore 2017, pp 61–68 (The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: Melbourne).