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Mine Design with Special Reference to Shaft Pillars at Great Depths


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Author De G Solms R L


The paper poses certain questions relating to mine design aspects of deep shaft pillars. It then explores these questions in relation to Western Deep Levels (South) where a sub-shaft system is to be sunk to 4 000 metres below surface to exploit two narrow tabular reefs in the down dip extension of the mine workings. After brief discussion of some broad considerations, the findings of a major rock mechanics investigation are reviewed. Some overall conclusions as well as the outcomes of separate studies of the anticipated behaviour of shaft pillars on each of the two reef horizons are outlined. The effect of this behaviour on the barrels of the shafts in the system and on the associated shaft excavations and in-pillar development is Cnnctdarcrl