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Rapid and reliable flow property testing – a modified uniaxial approach


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Author W Chen, K Williams, A Roberts and J Miller


The flow function of an iron ore material governs its flowability characteristics in material handling chains within the resource industry. A uniaxial compression test is able to obtain a flow function more rapidly comparing to the Jenike direct shear test; nevertheless, the results often exhibit lower rankings using the former method. This study aims to investigate the fundamental stress states within the test specimen that lead to this phenomenon, and to introduce a new uniform density specimen preparation method for a uniaxial compression test, in order to achieve comparative flow functions as for a Jenike direct shear test. The minimisation of the wall friction effect and achievement of the critical state when preparing a uniaxial specimen are explicitly discussed. Experimental investigations on flow functions of a suite of Australian iron ore samples were conducted using both the uniform density uniaxial compression test and the Jenike direct shear test. Results from both methods were found to be comparable, providing the specimen exhibits cohesive flow behaviours. The outcome of this research enabled development of a rapid and reliable flow function testing method for cohesive iron ore materials.


Chen, W, Williams, K, Roberts, A and Miller, J, 2017. Rapid and reliable flow property testing – a modified uniaxial approach, in Proceedings Iron Ore 2017, pp 149–154 (The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: Melbourne).