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Should the Blast Exclusion Zone Be Based on a Qualitative or Quantitative Analysis? A Practical Implementation Conundrum


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Author K Muller and T Oosthuizen


Blast exclusion zones are instrumental in protecting equipment and personnel. When there is no constraint in footprint, the exclusion zone can be enormous, practically eliminating the hazard of flyrock. Unfortunately, this may not always be the case and in many circumstances the blast design needs to be altered to suite such scenarios. When a conservative design approach is taken, it could completely eliminate any form of ejection, whether it is from the free face or the bench itself. The degree to which typical flyrock models describe fragment motion through air with ballistic flight equations are not justified when such a high level of control is applied. This paper examines various methods of risk analysis and suggests an approach to be used for controlled blasting.

The outcome of principles discussed in this paper can be seen in video form (Mavmedia, 2014).


Muller, K and Oosthuizen, T, 2015. Should the blast exclusion zone be based on a qualitative or quantitative analysis? A practical implementation conundrum, in Proceedings 11th International Symposium on Rock Fragmentation by Blasting, pp 425–428 (The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: Melbourne).