Numerical simulations using the discrete element method (DEM) were carried out to investigate the flow patterns and stress field redistribution at the hopper and feeder interface. The influences of different filling heights, belt speeds and clearances between the hopper bottom and feeder surface on feeder loads were studied. Meanwhile, experiments were conducted by utilising wedged plane-flow hoppers with different configurations and horizontal feeders with various clearances. The simulation results were compared with theoretical values and experimental measurements. In terms of the cases presented in this study, simulation results reveal good agreements with experimental observations regarding the flow pattern. Being similar to the theoretical values, the simulations provide close predictions on vertical feeder loads for steady flow states, but they may show significant overestimations for initial states. Additionally, suggestions are given for relevant simulation parameters based on the comparisons shown in this investigation.
Guo, J, Roberts, A W, Williams, K, Jones, M, Chen, B and Guo, Y J, 2017. Simulation investigation of flow patterns and feeder loads at hopper/feeder interface, in Proceedings Iron Ore 2017, pp 173–182 (The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: Melbourne).