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Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics Modelling of Blast-induced Fracture Processes in Naturally Jointed Rock Medium


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Author D Deb and R Pramanik


This paper presents a generalised methodology in smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) framework to analyse dynamic failure process of rock mass having natural joint under blast-induced stress wave and expansion, and penetration of high pressure gaseous product. The necessary interactions of gas-rock are incorporated in the model which describes features of coupling between damage and plasticity in tension and compression respectively. A Drucker-Prager formulation of plasticity is used to model the behaviour of aggregate field and the Grady-Kipp damage model is employed for tensile strain. These two material behaviours are then brought together within the framework of interacting continua. The model relies on the Drucker-Prager plasticity surface to predict the dilatancy aspect of the material response and to account change of strength according to the strain rate effect. Three numerical examples are presented with rock joint and multiple blastholes.


Deb, D and Pramanik, R, 2015. Smoothed particle hydrodynamics modelling of blast-induced fracture processes in naturally jointed rock medium, in Proceedings 11th International Symposium on Rock Fragmentation by Blasting, pp 65–70 (The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: Melbourne).