The purpose of blasting during mining is to produce a muck pile that can be efficiently loaded and transported. There is an increasing awareness of the variation in muck pile characteristics and its economic implications. It is well known that good fragmentation by itself is not sufficient to optimise the muck loading efficiency. The swelling and configuration of the muck pile also significantly affect the productivity of the loading equipment. The characteristics of a muck pile depend upon the blast design parameters, explosive properties and rock mass geology. This study has focused on the dependence of muck pile configuration on blast design parameters, explosive properties and size distribution of the muck.
The field work was done in two phases. In the first phase 12 blasts were monitored, while in the second, three blasts were monitored. The blast design parameters and explosive properties for each blast were documented and the following muck pile characteristics were measured:
muck pile height and its distance from the face
distance of throw
width of the power trough
size distribution by image analysis technique.
The effects of burden, bench height, heave energy of explosive, row-to-row delay, powder factor and the mean particle size of the fragments on muck pile configuration were examined. It was observed that muck pile height and distance of throw are strongly influenced by the burden, bench height, heave energy of the explosive and the size distribution of the muck. The width of the power trough depends upon the row-to-row delay, powder factor and total burden. In addition, the effect of the fragment size distribution on the muck pile parameters has also been discussed.
Singh, S P and Van Doorselaere, D,
2015. The relationship between blasting parameters and muck pile configuration,
in Proceedings 11th International Symposium on Rock Fragmentation by
Blasting , pp 369–374 (The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: Melbourne).