The wedge shape theory of the rock fragmentation range in bench blasting is presented according to the dynamic characteristics of rock fragmentation by blasting in open pit under the condition of hole-by-hole initiation. The finite element software ABAQUS was used to analyse the rock fragmentation mechanism. The rock mass stress contours, crack propagation and damage evolution of different moments were obtained. The results showed that the wedge shape theory of blasting is closer to the rock fragmentation in hole-by-hole blasting and is useful to the design and calculation of charge weight.
Yang, J, Chen, Z-Y, Yu, Q and Ren, G, 2015. The wedge theory of borehole charge design for bench blasting and its numerical simulation, in Proceedings 11th International Symposium on Rock Fragmentation by Blasting, pp 169–176 (The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: Melbourne).